Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi ended his trip to China on 16 May in Shanghai by concluding business deals worth $22 billion. This is in addition to the $20 billion committed by Chinese President Xi Jinping during his visit to India in September last year. Whereas Xi began his Indian tour by stopping in Ahmedabad, capital of Modi’s home state of Gujarat, Modi repaid the compliment by beginning his in Xi’an, capital of Xi’s home province of Shaanxi, and starting point of the (old) Silk Road. (See illustration of Xi and Modi in Xi’an below.) Xi’s visit was marred by the incursion of 200 soldiers of the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) into Ladakh in the Western Himalayas, one of the contested territorial hot-spots between the two countries. No comparable incident marred Modi’s visit; instead measures were being explored for confidence building and communication between the two nations’ military command.